Archive for March, 2014

The Long-Term Effects of Percocet Use

Saturday, Mar. 29th 2014

Effects of Percocets Can Have Long-Term Consequences
Percocet is the trade name for a fixed-dose combination of oxycodone and pain medications such as Tylenol or acetaminophen. Because oxycodone is an opioid, there is already a high potential for abuse and dependence. When it comes to prescription medications for moderate pain, Percocet is a very popular option. Many abusers take Percocet in extremely high doses, making Percocet abuse a common problem. In order to understand why this substance can be problematic, we are going to look at the effects that long-term use of the medication has.

The Short-Term versus Long-Term Effects

Like all opioids on the market, there are some dangerous short-term effects linked to the use of oxycodone. Perhaps the most dangerous is respiratory depression, which means that it decreases the body’s natural drive to breathe. In many narcotic overdoses, respiratory depression ends up being the actual cause of death.

However, as with many of the short-term effects of the substance, a tolerance to the danger of respiratory depression develops rather quickly. This means long-term users do not have the same respiratory depression risks unless they combine the medication with other substances that can affect our breathing (such as alcohol) or the user drastically increases his or her intake. It does remain extremely dangerous for those users who cease use temporarily and then relapse – because their body no longer has the built up tolerance.

Liver Damage

The most dangerous effect of long-term Percocet use does not come from oxycodone, but from the included acetaminophen. Studies have shown that in large doses, acetaminophen may cause liver damage or even complete liver failure. A paper published in the journal “Hepatology” in December 2005 demonstrated that a majority of patients (63 percent) that developed acute liver failure because of a single large dose of acetaminophen did so because of painkilling combinations such as Percocet. Patients may receive more of the substance than they are acutely aware of.

Studies have shown that chronic liver diseases (such as cirrhosis) are a real risk with consistent, long-term acetaminophen use of more than four grams daily. The chance of developing issues increase if the user also ingests things such as alcohol or other substances that may lead to potential liver toxicity. Those who abuse the medication may end up taking more than the prescribed dosage in order to receive the same pleasurable effects of the oxycodone.

It Can Lead to Dependence

Percocet may lead to psychological and physical dependence. This may occur if the user receives negative or positive reinforcement to continue using. Because of the progressive tolerance of Percocet, the body quickly becomes accustomed to having the medication available. Because the body is becoming used to having the drug, an increased dosage is needed to achieve the desired pleasurable effects.

Psychologically the long-term use of the substance may cause drug-seeking behavior and lead to an overreliance on the substance. This can lead to withdrawal symptoms, an obsessive preoccupation with the drug, or the inability to cease use despite knowing the negative consequences.

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Understanding the Side Effects of Opiates

Wednesday, Mar. 26th 2014

The Use of Opiate-Based Narcotics Have Dangerous Risks
The opiate epidemic engulfing the country is showing no signs of slowing down. Opiates are some of the most commonly abused and most addictive substances available today. These include legal therapeutics for pain such as fentanyl and morphine in addition to illegal derivatives such as opium and heroin. The body may react to opiate abuse in a number of different ways.

 

Developing a Tolerance

Those who frequently abuse these opioids will develop a tolerance. This means that the user needs to ingest the substance in increasing doses just to produce the same desired effect. Both the induction of a euphoric state and the reduction of pain are prone to tolerance. The development of a tolerance is one of the primary factors of an overdose occurring, because the desired effects lessen but the toxic ones persist.

Developing Addiction

It is possible to develop both mental and physical addiction to opiates. The physical addiction refers to the effects of the body once the user stops taking the substance altogether, they go through withdrawal symptoms which may include a host of problems (including anxiety, diarrhea and vomiting).

Mental addiction refers to what the user perceives as the constant need to use the substance again. This may cause mental anguish and lead to the person undertaking actions that are uncharacteristic of them in order to continue using (lying, theft, etc.).

The Pupil Size

The parasympathetic nerves provide input to the eye and opiates have a direct influence on these nerves. It is not possible to develop a tolerance to this reaction. This is why the pupils are one of the often-used indicators of an altered mental state.

Effects on the Respiratory System

Some of the harsher side effects of opiate abuse are on our respiratory system. Opiates are able to suppress the brainstem that regulates breathing drive and rhythm. The effect on our respiratory system depends on the dose taken and is often the primary factor in a fatal opiate overdose.

Effects on the Cardiovascular System

The abuse of these substances can decrease the overall heart rate, otherwise known as bradycardia. It is also possible that the cells in the body release histamine. This may lead to hypotension (lower blood pressure) and causes a dilation of the blood vessels.

Effects on the Gastrointestinal System

There is a reason that physicians may prescribe opiates as anti-diarrhea medications (think Imodium for example), it is because they are able to decrease the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. They may also lead to extraneous release of bile from the gall bladder by causing a spasm of the gallbladder duct. Both vomiting and nausea are common problems, resulting from direct actions on the brain vomiting centers and delayed emptying of the stomach contents. One of the most common effects of opiate abuse is constipation and there is no tolerance to this issue.

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Why is Heroin So Popular?

Sunday, Mar. 23rd 2014

Why has Heroin Become the Drug of Choice
The use of heroin throughout the country is increasing at an alarming rate. This despite the fact that we have seen countless anti-heroin PSAs and use had been decreasing for several decades. However, in just the last decade alone, the number of people who abuse this dangerous substance has increased.

In fact, the alarming rise in heroin use even led to Vermont’s governor Peter Shumlin to not only mention it in his State of the State address, but to devote the entire address to it. Shumlin emphasized that since 2000, the number of heroin abusers throughout Vermont has increased by 770 percent. Those are epidemic levels of heroin abuse.

A Problem Not Limited to Vermont

Unfortunately, Vermont is not the only affected state. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the number of first-time users who abuse heroin has increased almost 60 percent in the last ten years. Whereas there are now 156,000 new users yearly; a decade ago that number stood at 90,000.

Interestingly enough is that during this surge of heroin abuse, the number of people who abuse non-medical prescription opiates is slowly decreasing. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health released by SAMHSA in 2012 revealed that the number of non-medical users for these prescription opioid pain relievers had dropped from 2.2 million in 2002 to 1.9 million in 2012. The survey also showed that crack, cocaine and methamphetamine decreased during that same timeframe. Meanwhile, both ecstasy and marijuana use slightly increased or held steady.

What this Information Tells Us

Interesting enough, the drugs that are showing a decrease in use may tell us the story of what illicit substances are becoming widespread. The increase in heroin abuse combined with the drop in non-medical prescription opiate abuse could lead us to the logical conclusion that a majority of these users are not seeking help or stopping use altogether – they are making an economic decision.

Because of the increased legal action against ‘pill mills,’ it has become more difficult and more expensive for users to receive illegally obtained prescription painkillers. Meanwhile, heroin is readily available and costs a fraction of what the other painkillers cost on the black market. Whereas a user can buy a bag of heroin for less than $10, a single dose of OxyContin may cost them as much as $100. Anyone familiar with the dangers of addiction understands that these users are tempted enough to overcome any potential reservations about trying heroin for a first time if it means that they are able to fund their addiction.

A Warning Sign for the Nation

The truth is that Vermont is not just a sad example – it is a warning sign of a shift that we are already seeing throughout the country. While cracking down on prescription opioid abuse is a good start, we should not assume that those users who are financially incapable of nursing their dependence would just decide to quit. For those people, it is important that they find a drug rehabilitation center so they are able to make a lasting decision to help them get rid of their dependence.

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Can Cocaine Rewire Your Brain?

Thursday, Mar. 20th 2014

The Adverse Effects from Cocaine Use
We already knew that using cocaine could lead to dependence and a variety of other issues, but a new study is suggesting that it may drastically impact decision-making by rewiring the brain – and the scariest thing is that it could happen after only a single use.

Problems After a Single Use

While other studies have shown rewiring in long-term cocaine use, the research completed at the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at UC San Francisco is unique. Researchers from UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco studied the frontal lobe of live mice. The frontal lobe is the area of the brain that is responsible for our memory and decision-making. After a single use of cocaine, the researchers found that there was significant growth of new dendritic spines within these mice.

The spines form the nodes of the circuit wiring of the brain and also help connect neurons. According to the researchers from both schools, these new spines were essentially rerouting the brain to find more cocaine. This may explain why human users will forgo other priorities in their search for the drug.

It also Affects Behavior

We knew that the search for more illicit substances can take over someone’s life and dominate their decision-making process and attention, but the lead author of the study – an assistant professor of psychology and neuroscience at UC Berkeley – explained that these neurological changes are rather ‘shocking,’ especially after a single use.

The changes that the cocaine made were apparent in the animals’ behavior as well, not just the mice’s brain scans. Before the mice were exposed to the drug, they would be allowed to explore two different chambers. These two chambers were differentiated by design and scent. Once the mice selected a chamber preference, the study would begin. The researchers placed the mice in the non-preferred room and administered cocaine. The mice would overwhelmingly return to the non-preferred chamber, apparently seeking more of the illicit substance. According to the researchers, those mice that saw the biggest change in preference also demonstrated the largest growth in dendritic spines.

Change is Still Possible

Because the brain only has limited space available, it is easy to see how an introduced drug such as cocaine could overtake what someone thinks about. This may come at the expense of other priorities. However, the researchers are confident that a positive change is promising. Because our brain regularly loses and grows new dendritic spines, we may be able to ‘rewire’ our brain in a positive manner. The lead researcher suggests that there are many experiences that rewire our brain. According to that logic, it would suggest that recovery is possible.

You Can Still Recover

While it is positive that we are able to make changes to our brain in order to recover from dependence, it is interesting to note that it would require consistent and constant reinforcement to make these changes. This only further emphasizes the importance of drug avoidance altogether and why long-term rehabilitation is the best possible option when someone does struggle with dependence.

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Signs of Over-Sedation from Benzos

Monday, Mar. 17th 2014

Effects from Benzo Abuse
The majority of sedatives on the market today fall into the benzodiazepine or barbiturates category. Benzodiazepines are going to affect the brain’s neurotransmitters, thus slowing down the nerve impulses that our brain sends throughout the body, while barbiturates depress the central nervous system. While benzodiazepines are typically prescribed for stress relief, tension and anxiety, the most common use of barbiturates is in anesthesia.

What is Over-Sedation?

Over-sedation means an extension of the hypnotic/sedative effects of benzodiazepines directly related to the dosage. Symptoms may include mental confusion, dizziness, muscle weakness, incoordination, poor concentration and drowsiness.

A Low Dose

Every dosage may affect a user differently, primarily because every person reacts to drugs in a different way. In some people, even a lower dosage may lead to over-sedation. This may lead to unusual behavior in the patient. Some of the included symptoms include depression, altered vision, slurred speech, confusion, impaired memory and motor skills, as well as drowsiness. The person may also experience some uncomfortable symptoms if he or she has a low tolerance for the medication; these may include diarrhea, vomiting, constipation or nausea.

A High Dose

High doses may lead to drowsiness or extreme fatigue. However, it may lead to additional symptoms to what we see in a lower dose. Someone with a higher dosage may display erratic or hostile behavior, euphoria, slowed reflexes or mood swings. These symptoms are often comparable to someone who has ingested too much alcohol.

Taking Too Much

While the signs depend on the individual, the signs of over-sedation are often similar to the aforementioned issues. The symptoms may not appear for several days because over-sedation will continually build up in the body tissue. After a prolonged period of over-sedation, the patient may demonstrate a lack of coordination, muscle weakness, slurred speech, confusion, disorientation and impaired thinking, memory and judgment.

If someone takes benzodiazepines in order to sleep at night, he or she may suffer from persistent sedation as a ‘hangover effect’. This may be especially problematic with those substances that are eliminated from the body at a very slow rate. The tolerance to the substance is going to develop very quickly (a week or two). Despite the fact that users would rarely complain about sleepiness, their memory functions and fine judgment might still be impaired.

The Serious Risks Associated with Use

Amongst elderly patients, over-sedation may prove to be a serious problem and can contribute to an increased number of falls and fractures. Even small doses of benzodiazepines have led to confused states in elderly patients. There is also a correlation between the risk of serious traffic accidents and the use of benzodiazepines. The use of these substances has contributed to accidents in the home and at work.

Because these drugs are habit-forming, it is especially important that users be aware of the signs and issues often related to over-sedation. Especially important is that long-term users may not even realize that the effects of the substance have not worn off yet before they ingest another dose.

 

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The Six Stages of Alcohol Intoxication

Friday, Mar. 14th 2014

Effects from Alcohol Intoxication
Alcohol can be one of the most dangerous substances for people to become addicted to. The primary reason is that unlike heroin or cocaine, alcohol use is socially accepted and even promoted. When a person drinks enough to reach alcohol intoxication, it may have a number of different effects on that person, especially on the brain. The effects on the body are almost immediate. The reason for this is that alcohol does not require digestion. The higher the blood alcohol content, the greater the effects.

What is Blood Alcohol Content?

Blood alcohol content (BAC) indicates how much alcohol is present in the blood stream. For example, if you hear that someone has .10 BAC, approximately one-tenth of 1 percent of the blood in the body is alcohol. The more alcohol someone drinks, the more impaired and intoxicated they become. With frequent use, it is possible to develop a dependency.

BAC is influenced by body weight, what type of alcohol the person drank and how much he or she drank. Eating before or during drinking may also influence BAC (temporarily). Men need more of the same substance to reach the same BAC levels as women, primarily because men have a higher percentage of water per pound in their bodies and are traditionally heavier.

The Effects of Alcohol Consumption

These are the varying degrees of intoxication:

  • Stage 1 – Euphoria – Fine motor skills are lacking, brighter color in the face, lowered inhibitions, talkative, difficulty concentrating
  • Stage 2 – Excitement – Impaired judgment, slow reaction time, beginnings of erratic behavior, drowsy, poor coordination, senses are dulled
  • Stage 3 – Confusion – Pain is dulled, slurred speech, blurred vision, difficulty walking, exaggerated emotions
  • Stage 4 – Stupor – Apathetic, decreased response to stimuli, unconsciousness is possible, vomiting, cannot stand or walk
  • Stage 5 – Coma – Slow pulse, shallow breathing, possible death, low body temperature, unconscious
  • Stage 6 – Death – Death because of respiratory arrest

Tolerance Affects these Stages

Tolerance means that alcohol is less effective after a period of heavy or prolonged use. When it comes to alcohol, there are two types of tolerance at work. The first is the metabolic tolerance, meaning that we metabolize alcohol at a faster rate (upwards of twice as fast) with chronic users. Because these long-term users process alcohol at a higher metabolic rate, they can consume more while their BAC remains lower. This means that someone who previously reached stage four after two bottles of wine may now only reach stage three or even stage two.

The second is functional tolerance. This changes the system or organ’s sensitivity to alcohol. Studies have shown that people who undergo prolonged alcohol abuse have twice the tolerance for alcohol as someone who does not consume to excess.

Because people develop a tolerance, they may no longer reach the same stages that they once did. This means that they have to consume more in an attempt to reach those same euphoric sensations. However, the toxic effect on the body from alcohol remains. For people struggling with dependence, this process of increasing tolerance and pushing boundaries is going to continue to develop until they undergo alcohol rehabilitation. During this process, people are able to overcome their psychological and physical addiction to alcohol. They go through three basic treatment stages, alcohol detox, counseling, and aftercare. If you feel that you or someone close to you has problems with alcohol addiction, make sure that you find a treatment center.

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Four Dangers Associated with Alcohol Use

Tuesday, Mar. 11th 2014

Excessive Alcohol Consumption Can Lead to Dangerous Conditions

Despite the fact that alcohol is allowed for those of a legal age to buy it, there are a number of risks associated with the consumption of alcohol. These are four of the dangers that people may not often associate with alcohol use.

 

Physical Violence

Intense alcohol use is commonly associated with violence. While not everyone who has a drink is going to experience violence, it is a common factor in those heavily intoxicated. This may include homicide, assault or abuse of family members. Despite the fact that heavy drinking is not the primary cause of the violence, it certainly does lower people’s inhibitions. Statistics have shown that the violence rate is much higher in towns with more bars and liquor stores. Both women and children are frequent victims of alcohol-related abuse.

Injury

Injury is commonly associated with drinking. It is important to distinguish injury from violence, because injury is often accidental. Some of the more common accidental injuries include injury from falling, drowning, car-related injuries (due to drunk driving) or burns.

Suicide and self-injury are other problems commonly associated with heavy drinking. These problems may be more frequent because alcohol may cause depressive-type sensations in some people who drink. Especially for those people, it is always recommended to cease drinking entirely and seek out alcohol rehabilitation in order to make smarter choices in the future.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

While under the influence of alcohol, a person is more likely to have sex with a number of different people or have unprotected sex. This leads to an increased risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). The use of alcohol is also associated with poor judgment and sexual behavior, both of which may explain the risky behavior. STD testing rarely occurs because memory loss is another important factor with the use of alcohol. The condition may gradually worsen if a person does not seek out treatment for his or her STD.

Sexual Assault

Both rape and sexual assault are increasingly common when someone drinks to excess. This may be because alcohol makes it difficult to defend oneself effectively, causes confusion, lowers inhibitions or makes some people behave in a more sexual manner. While alcohol is certainly not the reason that someone is subjected to or decides to commit sexual assault, it is a contributing factor. In fact, almost 30 to 40% of people convicted of sexual assault or rape claim to have been under the influence of alcohol at the time of the crime. In many of the other cases, it was the victim who was (also) under the influence.

Despite the fact that alcohol consumption is legally allowed, it does carry a number of different dangers with it. If you realize that you or someone close to you has a problem with drinking to excess, it is important to seek out qualified help.

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Facts about Xanax Addiction

Saturday, Mar. 8th 2014

The Dark Side of Xanax Use
Alprazolam – most commonly known as the brand name ‘Xanax’ is an anti-anxiety agent that we group into the benzodiazepine family. The prescription medication works in a similar way as alcohol, depressing the central nervous system. The primary use of the medication is to treat nervous tension and provide short-term relief for mild to moderate anxiety. It is also effective in treating panic attacks and activity depression.

About its Addictive Properties

When someone takes Xanax for more than eight weeks at a time and takes the medication in high doses, Xanax is both physically and psychologically addictive. This is one of the reasons that most specialists agree that when it comes to treating people with anxiety or stress disorders, it should only be prescribed as a temporary solution. However, there are many instances of patients staying on the same Xanax prescription for years, possibly decades.

There is another risk when someone abuses the medication. Much like other medications such as Ritalin and OxyContin, many people are using Xanax to give them a high. These people may mix Xanax with other stimulants such as cocaine or alcohol to increase the effect.

The Withdrawal is Bad

One of the primary reasons that people who suffer from Xanax addiction tend to continue using or relapse is because a sudden cessation of Xanax is not only difficult, but might even be dangerous. When enrolling into a long-term inpatient rehabilitation program, medical professionals will wean users off the substance rather than have them quit ‘cold turkey’. Some of the immediate side effects include

  • Realistic and vivid dreams
  • Spurts of sad emotions
  • Fatigue
  • Hot and cold chills
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

 

Increasing Use May Even Be Fatal

People who abuse benzodiazepines run a genuine risk of suffering a fatal overdose. According to the United States Poison Control Centers, benzodiazepines are the most common prescription found in toxicology reports in young adults that require medical assistance. In about half of the reported cases, those reports found that people used at least one other substance. Because Xanax functions as a depressant (which may slow down breathing), combining a large dose of that medication with a similar substance such as alcohol, may lead to respiratory failure.

It Does Not Carry the Same Stigma

One of the problems with identifying Xanax addiction is the fact that abusing prescription medication does not carry the same social stigma as using illicit substances such as cocaine or heroin. While it may garner a few strange looks, no one is going to ask someone whether they have a prescription for the medication that someone uses. Because of that, abuse may continue unchecked far longer.

While it may have medical benefits for those who need it, Xanax can be extremely habit-forming and may even be fatal if taken with other depressants. If you or someone you know is taking more Xanax than prescribed (or taking it without a prescription), it is important to seek out help.

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Workplace Drug Testing Pros and Cons

Wednesday, Mar. 5th 2014

Workplace Testing for Narcotic Abuse is Becoming More Common
It is no secret that throughout the country, the use of drugs is widespread. Despite minimum sentencing and other punitive laws, the drug abuse numbers throughout the nation continue to rise. Every year millions of Americans go to the emergency room because of an injury sustained at work. Oftentimes these may involve people who are hung over, incapacitated, or inebriated in some way. In order to protect other workers and themselves from potential problems, many companies have instituted drug testing. As with most factors pertaining to illicit substances, drug testing is often controversial. Today we will look at some of the pros and cons of drug testing at work.

What are the Pros of Drug Testing?

When absenteeism and accidents are on the rise, many business owners and managers are going to be worried that alcohol or drug use might be responsible. Remember that illicit substance abuse does not merely affect the abuser, but also the people around him or her. This makes it a public problem rather than a private problem. There are a number of valid reasons as to why workplace drug testing makes sense:

  • Drug and alcohol use can bring on workplace violence. Real or imagined insults may result in weapon use or fights. People that are high or drunk are less emotionally stable than those who are sober. Even if it is just a perceived threat, it will make for an uncomfortable workplace environment.
  • When drug testing randomly, it may reduce the severity and number of workplace accidents. Knowing that a drug test could occur at any time might make a casual user decide to give up using altogether for fear of losing their job.
  • Even if no accidents occur, the absenteeism and tardiness caused by substance abuse may cut into the profits of any company.
  • For those users struggling with dependence, drug testing may be the catalyst that gives them a chance to enter into drug rehabilitation programs. Especially some of the larger businesses that have intercompany programs that will help employees become and remain sober.

What are the Cons of Drug Testing?

Despite the fact that drug testing in the workplace has definite advantages, even sober employees may have some resistance to it. There are several reasons behind that:

  • Some workers are going to resent drug testing. Even those who have never had a drop of alcohol or have never seen drugs in their life may feel that it is an invasion of privacy.
  • Some of the drug tests that test hair or urine will only indicate past alcohol or drug use. They may not pinpoint immediate use in the workplace.
  • Depending on the type of test used and how comprehensive it is, the costs associated with drug testing may be too steep.
  • Despite tests constantly getting better, it is possible to get false results from drug tests. It is possible to receive inaccurate readings due to prescription medication use and someone may be branded a heroin addict because they ate a poppy seed roll for breakfast. Employers must be willing to have the results challenged and repeat the test if necessary.

 

Drug testing may help reduce violence in the workplace, reduce lessened productivity and reduce the magnitude and frequency of workplace accidents. However, it is important that the underlying goal with these drug tests is to help those struggling with dependence, not merely ousting them from the company.

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Facts and Myths about Cocaine

Sunday, Mar. 2nd 2014

Clearing Up Some Misconceptions on Cocaine Use
Despite the fact that cocaine is one of the most addictive illicit substances available, many Americans still assume that it is somehow less dangerous or not as addictive as many other illicit substances. This despite the fact that a large number of people throughout the nation admit to having used the drug within the last month. While most people know that cocaine can be dangerous, there are many myths about the use of the drug. Because of the widespread misconception about cocaine use, we are going to discuss five of the most prevalent myths and present the facts that will reveal these to be false.

Myth: You cannot really get addicted to cocaine

The truth is that cocaine is a highly addictive substance. People may become dependent on it in a psychological and physical sense. In fact, studies have found that cocaine-addicted monkeys would repeatedly hit a trigger to receive cocaine upwards of 12,000 times until they receive what they need. Interestingly enough, after they have received their dose, they would continue pressing the same trigger again.

Myth: Using cocaine is pretty safe

Despite the fact that opioid painkiller abuse has since overtaken it, cocaine was traditionally one of the more dangerous drugs to abuse in relation to fatal overdoses. The primary reason was that so many people believed it to be a ‘relatively harmless’ drug that is only taken to enhance mood and give more energy.

Myth: There are no side effects to using

The truth is that cocaine can lead to several medical complications. That list includes various gastrointestinal complications, seizure, stroke, respiratory failure and heart disease. Other physical effects that may be caused by use include coma, muscle spasms, fever, chest pains, blurred visions, nausea and convulsions.

Myth: Cocaine is going to make you a better worker or a better athlete

The truth is that recent studies show that exercising or working extensively after using cocaine will increase the risk of a heart attack or irregular heartbeat. While the use of cocaine may help someone stay awake for extended periods of time, they are going to be distracted and will suffer from lethargy after the drug wears off. While someone may get more done one day, they will do significantly less the next day to recover from the previous use.

Myth: You will have better sex on cocaine

While some believe that the substance works as an aphrodisiac, it may hinder the ability to enjoy sex to completion. In fact, those who abuse cocaine regularly may have impaired sexual function (in both men and women) and men may experience an impaired or delayed ejaculation.

It should be clear by now that cocaine is not just ‘fun on the weekends’ but can have serious, lasting complications that will last long after the euphoric effects of the drug wear off.

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