Archive for February, 2014

What Does Someone Undergoing Alcohol Withdrawal Go Through?

Thursday, Feb. 27th 2014

Drying Out from Alcohol Abuse
There are countless alcohol rehabilitation programs throughout the nation that may help someone to break free of alcohol addiction. However, most people who have never experienced it have no idea what alcohol withdrawal feels like. To give you a better understanding, we will provide you with a brief overview.

 

The Common Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

If someone struggling with alcohol dependence does not drink between six hours and several days, he or she is going to experience a number of different symptoms. The length that this person has struggled with dependence and how heavily he or she drank to excess every day will determine the severity of the symptoms. Of the following symptoms, most people struggling with alcohol withdrawal are going to experience at least two of the following:

  • Anxiety – One of the primary symptoms is anxiety. If the person was not heavily dependent on alcohol (mild cases), the anxiety may not even be noticeable. However, people who have spent years drinking every day may experience full-fledged panic attacks.
  • Nausea – Because the body demands alcohol, those who are recovering may feel sick to their stomachs. In severe cases, this may be accompanied by vomiting and dry heaving.
  • Tremors – In serious cases (moderate to severe), these tremors can be noticeable. However, someone that only recently developed dependence may only feel tremors in his or her fingertips.
  • Headache – The headaches associated with alcohol withdrawal are commonly described as ‘having a tight band around your head that keeps getting tighter and tighter’.
  • Confusion – Alcohol withdrawal affects both the physique and the psyche, patients in recovery may be unsure where they are or feel confused.
  • Irritability – People who have been drinking for years may begin to pace around and feel extremely agitated while those who are relatively new to alcoholism might be a little fidgety.
  • Insomnia – Because their bodies constantly require alcohol, patients in recovery may suffer from insomnia. When they do sleep, nightmares associated with alcohol withdrawal may wake them up again.

Severe Symptoms

Some patients in recovery deal with some of the more severe side effects aside from the common symptoms previously described. These include:

  • Depression – The aforementioned alcohol withdrawal symptoms may make someone feel as though suffering through withdrawal is too difficult, making them feel even less confident about recovery.
  • Blackouts – Because alcohol does serious damage to the brain, a long-time user may experience blackouts when they stop drinking. In many long-term rehabilitation facilities, it will be determined whether the brain damage is reversible or not.
  • Delirium tremens – This is by far the most serious reaction when it comes to ceasing alcohol intake. Some of the key symptoms include visual, tactile, and auditory hallucinations, seizures, fever and extreme confusion. Because these symptoms can be life threatening, proper supervision and medical assistance are essential.

 

As you can tell, going through alcohol withdrawal can be extremely unpleasant and may even be dangerous. This is the reason that it is always important to undergo recovery in a treatment facility. Not only are there medical professionals available in case things go wrong, but being at an inpatient facility will drastically lower the chance of a relapse.

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5 Most Common Prescription Medications Teenagers Abuse

Monday, Feb. 24th 2014

Prescription Drugs Teens Experiment With
The level of prescription drug abuse throughout the nation has reached ‘epidemic’ levels. Unfortunately, teenagers are not immune to this either. According to recent surveys, a consistently increasing number of young Americans have started to misuse prescription medications. If you are a parent or guardian, it might help to know what prescription drugs are some of the more popular, giving you a chance to be aware of certain types. These are the five most abused medications.

#5 Valium

This prescription medication is often provided to treat anxiety. It is also possible to use as a sedative because it relaxes the muscles. The primary reason for abuse is because it helps teenagers feel ‘calm’. While there may not be serious side effects while abusing the substance, there are serious withdrawal symptoms associated with valium. It may even lead to dangerous seizures.

#4 Xanax

This prescription medication is often used to treat anxiety disorders. As a medication, it is successful in providing relief for its users. However, when someone takes it recreationally or abuses it, it may make the user susceptible to overdose and be habit forming. When combined with alcohol or other medications it may even lead to fatal drug interactions.

#3 Adderall

When it comes to treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Adderall is one of the common drugs prescribed. However, many teens that do not struggle with ADHD abuse this amphetamine because it enhances their concentration and allows them to work on homework throughout the night or get higher test scores. The side effects can be especially dangerous and may cause mania, insomnia or even full-blown psychosis.

#2 Vicodin

This is one of the most popular prescription drugs teens experiment with. As a central nervous system depressant, Vicodin is also readily available at most drug stores. Perhaps more problematic than the habit-forming properties of the medication is the fact that mixing it with alcohol or other substances may lead to a fatal overdose.

#1 OxyContin

OxyContin is one of the most popular prescription drugs abused by today’s teens. This narcotic pain reliever contains an opioid called Oxycodone. While it may work to relieve moderate to severe pain, the medication is dangerous because when abused, it may have the same properties as heroin. It is not only highly addictive, but may also lead to a dangerous overdose.

As with any addiction, prevention is better than curing. It is important to let young adults know that prescription drugs may be just as dangerous as street drugs. One of the primary reasons that many teenagers abuse medication is because of a perceived ‘safety’. However, merely providing clear boundaries and instructions might not be enough.

If you have any of these medications in your household, it is important that you are aware of how many are available and how many times the prescription is refilled. While prevention is always better than curing, it would also be infinitely better if you could detect a problem early on so drug rehabilitation can be at its most effective.

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5 Crazy Drugs You May Have Never Heard of Before

Friday, Feb. 21st 2014

The List of Dangerous Narcotics is Continually Growing
Most people hear that certain drugs can do very strange things to the human body. We hear that cocaine and heroin will wreak havoc on our brain. However, these following drugs may be more dangerous than anything that most of us have heard about before.

 

Scopolamine

Scopolamine is a drug that Colombian criminals often use. It causes suggestibility and amnesia. Perhaps the scariest thing about the drug is how easy it is to use – simply blow the ground up powder into the victim’s face and they may be willing to help clean out their own bank account. After the effects of the Scopolamine wear off, the victim does not know what happened. Fortunately, the drug remains confined to Columbia for now.

Bromo-dragonfly

Bromo-dragonfly is one of the latest designer drugs and acts like an extra powerful version of LSD. Users have said that some of the psychedelic trips have lasted upwards of three whole days. The substance’s name is attributed to its molecular structure, which resembles a dragonfly. Some of the side effects of the drug include blood vessel constriction, spasms in your veins, and seizures. There have been severe cases where amputation of limbs was necessary. Perhaps even scarier is the fact that this substance is sometimes sold as LSD. This means that users may expect a trip of several hours and end up with a trip that lasts several days.

Etorphine

If we consider the untold horrors that heroin has caused before, one might be surprised that researchers actually took the time to manufacture a drug that was 5000 times as strong. Etorphine may cause a deadly overdose in humans simply by touching the skin. As a drug, the original goal is to do the same thing as morphine and heroin, but it was never too popular because it might kill humans almost instantly. It is actually possible to knock out a 6,614-pound elephant with 1/100th of a gram.

DNP

Many people want to lose weight, but few would be willing to risk their life over it. That is what people are doing when they take 2,4-Dinitrophenol, also known as DNP. The reason it works so well as a fat-loss supplement is that it literally cooks the user from the inside by raising the internal body temperature. Originally invented in the 1930’s, DNP turned out to be ‘too successful’ when it came to losing weight and burning fat. The increased sweating, heart rate and body temperature often turned out to be fatal. Interestingly enough, many people are still taking it to lose weight and many people are still losing their life because of it.

Krokodil

When people first heard of Krokodil, it sounded like something out of a bad horror movie. This cheaply made drug produces a similar effect to heroin, but will literally eat away the flesh of the person who uses it. In Russia, heroin-dependent users found that they were unable to pay for their next heroin batch, relying instead on easily available chemicals and over-the-counter painkillers to make a drug that has similar effects to heroin – Desomorphine. It does not take a chemist to realize that using cleaning oils, lighter fluid and painkillers to cook up a drug and then inject it, does not produce a ‘pure’ product. It received its name because the toxic by-products of the Desomorphine eat away at the flesh, giving the skin a scaly, reptilian look. It truly looks and sounds like something out of a nightmare.

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5 Movies that Accurately Represent Substance Abuse

Tuesday, Feb. 18th 2014

Understanding the Drug Addict
When it comes to Hollywood’s portrayal of substance abuse, there is still a lot of controversy surrounding the topic. It can be difficult to find the balance between the moral and legal ramifications of substance abuse and not trying to glamorize drugs and alcohol. Only a select few movies are able to portray substance abuse without glamorizing it, without coming off as ‘preachy’ or exaggerated.

The Man with the Golden Arm – 1955

In this movie, Frank Sinatra plays a former convict and musician who struggles with heroin addiction. The character needs to find a balance between heroin dependence and coping with the stress of dealing with his wheelchair bound wife. The MPAA immediately refused to certify the movie because of its realistic portrayal of drug addiction. It is one of the movies often credited with bringing forth a change in the MPAA’s production codes. In order to understand dependence better, Sinatra actually spent time in drug rehabilitation clinics and watched as patients went through withdrawal symptoms.

The Boost – 1988

James Woods plays a recreational drug user who finds out that recreational use can easily slip into long-term dependence. While the story is certainly a drama, the strong performance from James Woods makes it an interesting watch as his character loses everything close to him.

Gridlock’d – 1997

Most movies will have those struggling with dependence enroll into rehab and live happily ever after. However, the director of the movie (Vondie Curtis-Hall) based the movie off his own personal experience as an addict in the 1970’s. The movie features two heroin addicts (Tim Roth and Tupac Shakur) who decide to seek rehabilitation for their problem after one of their friends dies because of a heroin overdose. However, they quickly find out that getting into a public rehabilitation clinic may be more challenging than originally thought.

Leaving Las Vegas – 1995

Many movies portray social alcohol consumption to excess as normal (Sex and the City for example) or treat alcoholism as a problem without too many real issues. However, Leaving Las Vegas took a realistic approach to alcohol consumption and depression. Nicolas Cage played the lead and had himself videotaped to the point of complete intoxication, wanting his performance to be as realistic as possible. Despite the fact that the movie has an underlying love interest storyline, it does portray the hopeless sensation that many struggling with dependence feel.

Requiem for a Dream – 2000

While the movie is undoubtedly one of the saddest, dirtiest and grittiest portrayals of drug users ever to be released on film, it also remains one of the most realistic. It shows four different individuals and their dependence (speed, cocaine and heroin) in Brooklyn. The movie demonstrates just how easily someone’s life can spiral out of control when addiction is involved. Ellen Burstyn received an Academy Award nomination for her role in the movie.

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4 Strange Recent Drug Crazes

Saturday, Feb. 15th 2014

Ridiculous Things People Do to Get High
It is one of the things that will drive drug treatment professionals crazy – drug crazes. Just as the movie Reefer Madness originally made audience wary of the dangers of abusing marijuana, the 24-hour news cycle that we find ourselves in often takes information out of context or reports on hearsay in a desperate attempt to break a story first. What are some of the recent, strangest drug crazes?

Pharming Parties

While prescription medication use amongst teenagers is on the rise, ‘pharming parties’ are something that does not have the slightest hint of being real. According to the stories, everyone invited to the party will bring some prescription medication, throw it in a bowl, and take a handful to see what the results are going to be. Considering the dangers associated with taking a handful of any prescription medication without knowing the drug interaction, the obituaries or hospital admissions would be through the roof.

Ayahuasca

There is no denying that the Amazon undoubtedly has a number of secrets for us. Majestic jungle beasts, sprawling rain forests and an amazing river. However, ayahuasca is banned throughout many Western nations, despite the fact that there is no evidence to suggest that this mixture of boiled-up jungle plants is dangerous, or even has any addictive potential. While it is a powerful hallucinogen, there is no evidence to suggest that it has come anywhere close to our borders.

Bath Salts

Pharmacologically, these bath salts are going to include mephedrone, methylone, or methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), but the chemical composition varies widely. While these drugs are undeniably dangerous, they rose to national fame in the case of the ‘Miami Cannibal attack’. The alleged assailant was ripping at the flesh of a homeless man and authorities believe that bath salts had a role to play in the assault. However, the toxicology reports revealed that there were in fact no bath salts in Rudy Eugene’s system at the time of the attack.

Of course that is not to say that bath salts are a healthy product, they have powerful addictive potential and may lead to cold fingers, nausea, heart palpitations, headache and other symptoms. There have also been symptoms reported such as panic attacks, paranoia and hallucinations. It is certainly a very dangerous and addictive substance, but it is certainly not the beginning of the zombie apocalypse as some news outlets would have us believe.

Jenkem

This purported street drug rose to prominence in 2007 when the Sheriff’s Department of Collier County, Florida, fell for a fake online post, hook, line and sinker. Despite the fact that it was rumored to have been used amongst street children in Zambia, there is no evidence to suggest that the drug ever traveled abroad. The drug itself is rather interesting too; it allegedly produces a high when inhaling fermented human excrement.

The truth is that many of the illicit substances that people are introduced to every day are dangerous enough. With the media not fact checking some of these reports, it may open the door to people saying ‘well if THAT was not as bad as they said, maybe heroin is not as addictive as I have heard before’. That is ultimately the real problem with these drug crazes.

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Women’s Unique Needs in Drug Rehabilitation

Wednesday, Feb. 12th 2014

Increasing a Woman's Chance at Drug Recovery
Until recently, the vast majority of people enrolling into drug and alcohol rehabilitation have been men. However, the gap between men and women is rapidly becoming smaller. The differences in gender between patients entering drug treatment for addiction issues are becoming smaller and smaller. With that come a number of different challenges that we have to keep in mind. For example:

  • Children – Many women who have children still feel that they have to ‘handle their own problems’ or ‘cover the problem up’ for the sake of their kids.
  • Money – While the wage gap is closing, there are still many women who have less discretionary money that they could use to pay for treatment.
  • Stigma – Addiction has (wrongly) been labeled as something that only men really struggle with. As a result, there are women who may be afraid to seek out treatment because it makes them look bad in front of their community, family or peers.

The truth is that children benefit when their primary caregiver is healthy.  Monetary problems only tend to get worse as addiction progresses and the stigma of an unaddressed dependence is far worse than enrolling into a recovery program.

Barriers to Treatment

Even after recognizing that they have a substance abuse problem (one of the most difficult steps) and deciding to seek treatment, there are a number of barriers when it comes to finding and utilizing treatment services. Many different studies suggest there are significant gender differences when it comes to number of barriers, strength of barriers and type of barriers that women encounter when seeking treatment.

As previously mentioned, women are far more likely to struggle with economic barriers before enrolling into a successful recovery program. Moreover, women often have to overcome problems with transportation and may have responsibilities that prevent them from finding the time to attend regular treatment sessions. While the aforementioned stigma does apply to men and women, studies do show that women are especially susceptible to feeling stigmatized. When it comes to being enrolled into substance abuse treatment, women are more likely to report feelings of shame or embarrassment.

Therapies and Treatments for Women

With the obstacles previously mentioned, it is important that the program provide an environment that is conducive to a woman feeling guided and protected during her stay. The following are several types of therapy that may be culturally relevant and useful to women seeking rehabilitation services and long-term sobriety.

  • Life skills education – Without the skills necessary to deal with life’s challenges, a woman is far more likely to turn to drugs. This may include working on family relationships, increasing employability, learning to manage anger and learning how to deal with stress.
  • Alternative and holistic treatments – While effective for men as well, these have been proven exceedingly popular with women. Some of the augmenting therapies may include nutritional counseling, massage therapy, meditation, holistic detox, exercise and yoga.
  • Individual counseling – If we consider the earlier stigmatized feeling, it should come as no surprise that individual counseling is a great way for women to express themselves and work through the underlying issues. There is less chance of perceived judgment and a better chance of sharing personal feelings and emotions.
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Can You Support Someone without Enabling?

Sunday, Feb. 9th 2014

Offering Help and Support without Enabling
If you were to ask most family members, they would probably tell you that they have taken a stand against their loved one’s drug abuse. However, the truth is that the majority of people may actually be increasing the time someone is able to get away with their drug or alcohol dependency. It is possible that people are enabling someone with an addiction, despite their best intentions. Just consider some of the following examples:

  • Paying someone’s bills, their gas, food, rent, child support, or any additional expenses.
  • Calling their workplace to let people know that the user is sick or has a flat tire when they are in fact dealing with drug-related issues or have a hangover.
  • Caring for children and/or animals when the person who is ultimately responsible is unable to do so for days on end.
  • Having to bail them out of jail.

Most people may only see these examples as ‘being a good human being’, helping people out when they need it the most. The truth is that having to file for bankruptcy, potentially losing custody of their child, losing their job, or spending time in jail may be the only thing that can help them realize that they need to make a change in their life. If we continually block the negative consequences of their drug or alcohol use, they are never going to experience those hardships for themselves. Essentially, it removes the need for them to ever make any real changes.

How to Support without Enabling

Remember that there is a difference between enabling someone with their addiction and supporting someone struggling with addiction. There is a delicate balance between the two and it is no surprise that friends and family members often struggle with it. Here are a few examples that you can use today to help someone and remain supportive while not enabling the problem.

  • Use ‘us’ instead of ‘you’ – Chances are that only a single person in the family is struggling with addiction, but that does not mean that they have to do everything themselves. As a family or a support system, you can learn more about how to relate to one another, how to deal with stress, or how to cope with negative emotions. Showing an interest in how addiction works will be beneficial. Instead of talking with the person struggling with addiction about ‘your therapy’ or ‘your problem’, you can show that this is something that you intend to work through together.
  • Positivity is important – There is a significant difference between reminding someone that they have the tools to remain sober and telling someone not to relapse by reminding them how they were before. There is no sense in providing a guilt trip, because it is ultimately only going to lead to negative emotions.
  • Care does not equal cash – It is unwise to give someone money to help themselves in a difficult financial time. You can offer emotional support and guidance, but just giving them money may be the opposite of what they need when it comes to remaining clean and sober.

Remember that it is difficult to support someone without enabling him or her. You may make a mistake, it may even lead to setbacks or frustration. However, you have to remember that this is ultimately the best way to assist in a long-term, balanced recovery.

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Is Google Enabling Addiction with Illegal Online Pharmacies?

Thursday, Feb. 6th 2014

Online Prescription Drug Purchasing Enables Abuse
Nowadays it is possible to find just about everything we want on the Internet. Unfortunately, this also means things that are not in our best interest. One of the prime examples of that is the influx of online pharmacies. A growing number of people are fueling their addiction to prescription medication thanks to these illegitimate pharmacies. While some people may prefer the fact that they get a cheap deal online; others struggling with addiction develop or fuel a problem with dependence thanks to the seemingly unlimited access to high dosages of medication. Search engines such as Google have received a great deal of scrutiny because of the success and increased popularity of illegal online pharmacies.

Why Online Outlets Fuel Addiction

One of the main factors with someone developing a drug addiction is accessibility. Studies have shown that the easier it is for someone to have access to illicit substances (whether these range from opioids, to Xanax, or cocaine), the more likely they are to ‘normalize’ the use. Having to go through a few clicks and having these substances delivered at home is also far easier than having to go out, find a dealer and purchase the narcotic.

How this Harms Buyers

Many people may not see the harm in buying something online from online pharmacies. Especially when paying less than you usually would, some might even prefer that type of method. The ‘hassle’ of having to get a prescription filled becomes tedious to them. However, there is more to these online pharmacies than merely increasing the risks of dependency. For example, many of the illegal online pharmacies will carry medication that has non-FDA-approved ingredients.

Remember that prescription medication is only provided to people after the doctor has taken a number of different factors into consideration. For example, a physician is going to consider the person’s blood pressure, age, weight, height, previous experience with medication, possible interactions with other medications and much more. However, if someone decides to order medication online without considering all of these factors, it opens them up for serious health risks and complications. A trained medical professional will have noticed many of the problems that patients of these illegal pharmacies are opening themselves up to. It is important to remember that these online pharmacies want to make a profit and care about little else.

How Serious is this Issue?

If you do not believe that online pharmacies can be dangerous, keep in mind that the FDA is starting to take action. They recently provided disciplinary actions and shut down more than 9,600 pharmaceutical websites. The FDA announced that the total of prescription medications confiscated from the offending pharmacies was in excess of $41,104,386. If a government agency takes steps to reduce an issue, you know that it must be serious. Remember to consider these tips:

  • Do not use pharmacies without an actual pharmaceutical support staff or without verifiable physical locations
  • Avoid ridiculously low prices
  • Do not buy medication from outside of the country
  • Avoid sites that are willing to offer a prescription after completing a brief questionnaire
  • Never buy from  a pharmacy that does not require a valid prescription for purchases

There are already an increasing number of people who are calling for search engine giants to stop displaying these illegal pharmacies in the search results. Until that happens, the FDA’s actions and education about drug abuse may be the only way to reduce their impact.

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4 Indicators that Your Recovery is in Danger

Monday, Feb. 3rd 2014

Avoid the Pitfalls of Drug Relapse
When someone enters drug rehabilitation, they understand that the journey towards sobriety is not an easy one. However, maintaining sobriety through the long haul is equally challenging. Although some treatment facilities suggest that ‘once an addict, always an addict’, this is far from the truth. Yet, it is important for people in recovery to be realistic. The following are four signs that someone’s recovery is going in the wrong direction.

Sign #1 – Refusal to Ask for Help

If someone refuses to ask for help from counselors, a good support network, inpatient treatment facilities, anything at all – it shows that long-term recovery may not be possible yet. Remember that recovery is about more than just no longer using drugs or alcohol, recovery is about approaching life in a new way. It is about finding a new and healthier primary coping mechanism. If someone is stuck in the vicious cycle of dependence and/or relapse and refuses to ask anyone for support, chances are that they will revert to their old ways eventually.

Sign #2 – Seeking Out a Quick Fix

Remember that sobriety is not just about giving up drugs or alcohol, rehabilitation is about no longer finding a quick fix for problems. For most people, their substance abuse was an immediately gratifying and reliable way to escape their problems. This, despite the fact that this method of escaping problems comes with serious consequences and the relief offered is short-lived. Part of recovery is a willingness to identify and process the underlying issues – this requires deep personal exploration. If someone is stuck in the mindset of wanting to find an immediate fix for all their problems, they are not making the most out of their rehabilitation process.

Sign #3 – A Negative Mindset

Some in recovery believe that they are unable to maintain their own sobriety. This not only sets them up to fail, but also gives them an easy out. It is true that recovery is a challenging time in someone’s life, but it is important to see it through. If someone goes into a challenge believing he or she is going to fail, they will not provide themselves with some added incentive to keep going when things are going badly. It is perfectly natural to believe that some days are worse than others are. It is human nature to be dejected about the long road ahead, but if you tell yourself that you are going to fail, chances are that you will.

Sign #4 – Thinking Rehabilitation is a Life-Long Cure

On the other side of the spectrum is this particular behavior. Assuming that short-term success is going to lead to long-term sobriety is a common mistake. When people become complacent in their rehab, they start to tell themselves such things as, “I could use in moderate amounts, I have a better grip of my use” or they tell themselves that it is all right for them to hang around people who use. This may open the door to a relapse.

When it comes to long-term rehabilitation, it is important to be realistic and honest. Understanding these signs makes it easier for someone recovering from dependence to see when things are going wrong and will help third parties help someone they care about stay on the right path.

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